Tower Hill Memorial.

Across the road from the Tower of London, there is the Tower Hill Memorial. The memorial commemorates Mercantile Marine sailors from World War One and the Merchant Navy sailors from World War Two who have no grave but the sea.

From its unveiling in 1919, the Cenotaph (the UK’s national war memorial) has carried the Red Ensign. In 1928 King George V announced that, in recognition of its service and sacrifice, the Mercantile Marine would henceforth be known as the Merchant Navy.

The First World War section commemorates one Victoria Cross recipient: Lieutenant Archibald Bissett Smith, VC, RNR.

The Second World War section commemorates one George Cross recipient: Apprentice Donald Owen Clarke, GC.

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